Munnar is a hill station in Kerala which is famous for its tea plantation.
Tourists from all across the world prefer to travel to view the plantation of tea in the City.
If you are also planning to visit Munnar with your family or friends in the coming vacations, you need to understand the details about tree plantation before visiting the hill station.
This article will help you in gaining more details regarding the tea plant, its ecology, cultivation and tea plucking.
Kindly read the article completely so that you can understand the basics of tea plantation before visiting the tea museum or tea garden of Munnar.
Table of Contents
What do you understand by tea plantation?
Tea is a hot beverage that is liked by most of the Indians. Indian population prefers drinking 2 to 3 times a day. In India, it is also known from the local name called chai.
In tea plantation, there are three variations of tea plants available in the world.
The three varieties of tea plants are called China tea plant Assam tea plant and Cambodia tea plant. Apart from these three varieties, there are also some hybrid plants available in the world.
China tea plant
The first variety of tea plants is a China tea plant which can maximum grow up to a height of 9 feet. This tree plant can grow at low temperatures and can live for more than a hundred years.
Assam tea plant
The second most famous variety after China tea plant is the Assam tea plant which can grow up to a height of 60 feet.
This tea plant can live up to the age of 40 years and also capable of giving a special flavor when this tea plant is grown in places like Munnar.
Cambodia tea plant
This is the third variety of tea available across the globe which is capable of growing up to a height of 16 feet.
The tea plant is done all across the globe. Some of the countries involved in tea plantation are China, Nepal, India, Malaysia, Brazil, Kenya, Zimbabwe, Turkey and some other countries in Asia, Africa, and South America
Ecology of Tea Plantation
Tea plantation can withstand a temperature of 18 degrees Celsius to 20 degrees Celsius and the quality of tea is also directly affected by the temperature of the place where the tea plant is grown.
If there is more humidity in the climate of the city where the tea plant is grown, the quality of tea after cultivation will be degraded. On the other hand, if the climate of the city where the tea plant is grown has less humidity, the quality of tea improves.
Sunlight also plays an important role in tea plant as it helps in providing special flavor to the tea.
It is always recommended to have a tea plantation on the ground with the slope so that extra water can be removed easily and water does not get accumulated in one place.
Therefore most of the time we saw that tea plantation is done in the hilly areas and hill stations. Volcanic soil is the most preferable soil for tea plantation.
Cultivation of tea plantation
In tea plantation, seeds are used again and again for growing tea. Instead of using the seeds again, farmers cultivating the tea plantation can also cut a part of the already grown tea plant to sow the seed in the soil.
This part which is cut can be sown in the ground for 1 to 2 years. After a gap of 2 years, such plants can be planted in the main plantation area where plants grow mature after 4 years.
Once, the tea plants mature, the next process is to pluck the leaves from the plant.
Growth of tea plant stops after five years and this is the best time to harvest such plants so that it can be sent for processing in the tea industry.
Tea plantation in Munnar
Tea plantation in Munnar started in the year 1857 when Britishers wanted to grow in India.
Seeing the beautiful scenic views and breathtaking greenery of Munnar, Britishers got attracted to this hill station and started growing tea in Munnar.
After that time whenever any tourist plans to visit Munnar, tea plantation is one of the favorite spots for everyone visiting the city.
There is also a tea museum established in Munnar which provides in detail the history of tea plantation in this beautiful hill station.
1. What is the other name of tea plantation in India?
In India, tea plantation is also known as chaen where is the farmers which grow tea plants in their farms are known as chasi.
2. What is the average age of the tea plant?
Though, it depends on the variety of tea plant that is found in the soil, the average age of a tree plant is somewhere around 50 years.
3. What are the different types of available in the market?
There are various types of tea available in the market. Some of the variants are white tea, green tea, black tea, etc.
4. Which country has the maximum consumption of across the globe?
China is famous for tea consumption as it spends an average of 1.6 billion pounds in tea.
Final Verdict for Tea plantation in Munnar
Munnar is famous for its tea plantation and tea museum.
If you are wondering about the reason behind the famous tea plantation of Munnar you need to understand that when the British started planting in India, Munnar was the favorite place.
Before visiting the tea plantation areas of Munnar, you must understand some more details regarding the tea plantation.
This article will help you in understanding all those details which include the temperature that tea plants can withstand, different types of tea plants and its cultivation process.
Kindly let us know in the comment section provided below are the details mentioned in this article are helpful for you and your family. Also mention in the comment section below if you want some more details regarding tea plantation in Munnar so that we can incorporate it in the future!